Prevalence of apical periodontitis and root-filled teeth in 2500 panoramic radiographs of a Brazilian population sample

Rebecca Dias Almeida, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves, Geibson Góis Brito, Guilherme Costa Soares, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Thâmara Manoela Marinho Bezerra, Lúcio Mitsuo Kurita, Fábio Wildson Gurgel Costa

Resumo


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of teeth with apical periodontitis (AP), root-filled teeth with (RFTAP), and without apical periodontitis (RFT) in 2500 digital panoramic radiographs from an adult Northeastern Brazilian population sample. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 2500 panoramic radiographs from a private dental imaging center. Data regarding sex, age, RFT, AP, and RFTAP were collected. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed adopting p<0.05 as significant. Results: The female sex was more significantly associated with RFT and RFTAP than the male sex (p=0,023; p=0.040). The maxilla showed a higher association with RFTAP in the anterior region (p=0.023) and RFT in the posterior region (p=0.023). AP showed a higher prevalence in individuals aged ≥ 31 years (p<0.001). RFTAP showed higher prevalence in the age group 30-70 years (p<0.001). RFT exhibited a significant prevalence in individuals aged ≥21 years (p<0.001). Conclusion: This study showed a higher prevalence of RFT and a low prevalence of AP and RFTAP. Female patients presented a significantly higher prevalence of RFT and RFTAP. Age was an important factor associated with the prevalence of RFT, AP, and RFTAP.

Palavras-chave


Epidemiological Studies; Panoramic Radiography; Endodontics

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12662/2317-3076jhbs.v9i1.3629.p1-8.2021

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Direitos autorais 2021 Journal of Health & Biological Sciences

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