Conjunctivitis epidemiological profile in an ophthalmological service in the metropolitan region of Fortaleza - Ceará – Brazil

Luiz William Linhares Santiago Cavalcanti, Amanda Férrer Vasconcelos, Marília Carolina Paiva Florêncio, Samille Costa Rodrigues, Ito Liberato Barroso neto, Juliana de Lucena Martins Ferreira

Resumo


Objective: to evaluate the seasonal and endemic characteristics of conjunctivitis at the ophthalmology service of the Leiria de Andrade Foundation (FLA) in the last ten years to trace the epidemiological profile of conjunctivitis in Fortaleza - CE. Methods: this was a descriptive and epidemiological study based on quantitative and qualitative analysis, retrospectively, from January to December 2012 to 2019, with a projection for the years 2020 and 2021. Results: 107,778 medical records were analysed, with endemic and seasonal fluctuation, being the months of October to December more frequent in the intervals of the highest incidence of the disease. Two peaks were notorious, one with epidemic characteristics, from July 2013 to November 2014, and the other with outbreak characteristics, probably due to a national-level epidemic, between January and April 2018. The most affected age group was between 19 and 59 years, covering about 72% of cases, with no statistical difference between genders. Conclusion: according to the study data, it was possible to infer that the epidemiological scenario of Fortaleza - CE is in line with the literature regarding age range and sex. The endemicity of the disease reinforces its relevance in the scenario of the Unified Health System (SUS) of the region.


Palavras-chave


Conjunctivitis; Epidemiology; Age Group; Endemicity; Peak

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12662/2317-3076jhbs.v10i1.4184.p1-5.2022

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Direitos autorais 2022 Journal of Health & Biological Sciences

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