Social and health indicators in an academic community: enteroparasites, nutritional, allergic and clinical aspects

Edemilton Ribeiro Santos Junior, Raoni dos Santos Andrade, Aldery Souza Passos, Raíssa da Silva Santos, Glauber Andrade dos Santos, Mariana Soares de Almeida, Érica Santos Bomfim, Paulo José dos Santos de Matos, Luana Brunelly Araújo de Lima, Karine Sampaio de Carvalho, Rebeca Correia Rossi, Wesley Araújo de Albuquerque, Manuella Silva Correia, Lívia Sousa Ribeiro, Ana Lúcia Moreno Amor


Objective: this study aimed to associate enteroparasitic infection with nutritional, allergic, and clinical repercussions and the sociodemographic aspects in an academic community in Santo Antônio de Jesus, Bahia, Brazil. Methods: the cross-sectional research was carried out between February 2018 and March 2020, with 121 participants. Spontaneous sedimentation and Rugai techniques were used for the parasitological diagnosis of fecal samples. Allergies and clinical issues and the sociodemographic aspects were studied via a questionnaire, and the nutritional status was obtained from the assessment of body mass index and arm and abdominal circumferences. Results: there was 38.2% positivity for intestinal parasites; 65.9% for female participants; with the majority of eutrophic, between 18-27 years old; heteronormative, and single. Besides, the Endolimax nana (78.7%) and Giardia duodenalis (21.3%) were the predominant species. Statistical significance was found between obesity rates and the presence of intestinal parasites and those with allergic aspects. Nervousness, headache, and back and abdominal pains were the most common symptoms. Conclusions: this study contributes to obtaining data on epidemiological and public health surveys in the Bahian territory, providing a reference for other researchers. The statistical association of these with nutritional and allergic aspects can support future research on this population.


Parasitic diseases; Nutrition; Signs and Symptoms; Diagnosis; Universities

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Direitos autorais 2023 Journal of Health & Biological Sciences

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