Morphology and Morphometry of the Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) Trachea

Arlei José Birck, Amanda Bernardi, Andressa Aparecida Silva, Paulo Henrique Sampaio da Silva, Eduardo Mauricio mendes de lima, André Rodrigues da Cunha Barreto-Vianna


Objective: This work aimed to describe the trachea of the Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) through descriptive and morphometric approaches. Methods: ten adult male Spheniscus magellanicus were used, which were collected, fixed, and kept immersed in an aqueous solution of 10% formaldehyde. Results: the trachea of the penguin began caudally from the cricoid cartilage of the larynx, represented by 121.3±5.65 cartilaginous rings joined together, which extended to the syrinx (19.75±0.70 cm). Considering its five segments (I-V), the number of tracheal rings decreased in a cranio-caudal direction. The medial tracheal septum, which started caudally from the cricoid cartilage of the larynx, was approximately 2±0.08 cm and was formed by approximately 6.75±0.25 rings. The dimensions of the lumen of the trachea decreased cranio-caudally, with a statistical difference between segment I and the others (II to V). The syrinx of the tracheobronchial type presented 7.52±0.65 rings. Conclusions: these data will contribute to the understanding of the anatomy of this species, as well as to the diagnosis and treatment of possible tracheal pathologies found in it.


Marine Birds; Anatomy of Birds; Respiratory

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Direitos autorais 2023 Journal of Health & Biological Sciences

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