Quality of Life of Patients submitted to Total Knee Arthroplasty

Autores

  • Robson Rocha da Silva 1. Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, BA, Brasil. 2. Santa Casa de Misericórdia da Bahia-Hospital Santa Izabel, Salvador, BA, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6902-9977
  • Silmara Ramos de Souza 1. Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, BA, Brasil. 2. Santa Casa de Misericórdia da Bahia-Hospital Santa Izabel, Salvador, BA, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0009-0008-2165-7091
  • Martha Moreira Castro 1. Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, BA, Brasil. 2. Santa Casa de Misericórdia da Bahia-Hospital Santa Izabel, Salvador, BA, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7868-1120
  • Marcos Almeida Matos 1. Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, BA, Brasil. 2. Santa Casa de Misericórdia da Bahia-Hospital Santa Izabel, Salvador, BA, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3592-986X
  • Diego Ariel de Lima Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido (UFERSA) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5702-1529

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12662/2317-3076jhbs.v12i1.4853.p1-9.2024

Palavras-chave:

Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA), knee osteoarthritis, quality of life

Resumo

Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life between patients who have already undergone the TKA surgery and those who have not. Methodology: 118 patients [60 undergoing TKA (G1) and the remaining 58 awaiting the procedure (G2)] answered questions about QoL using the WOMAC and SF-36 protocols. The comparison was performed using the chi-square test and Student's t-test, with a significance level of 0.05. Results: with regard to clinical aspects, there was a higher level of pain in Group G2, as well as greater frequency in the use of medications, especially for pain relief. In the QoL evaluation, significant difference was observed in all the domains of the generic questionnaire SF-36 and in WOMAC, estando a capacidade functional do G2 reduzida e abaixo do nível observado nos pacientes do G1. Conclusion: patients with advanced knee arthrosis who underwent TKA, compared to those who did not undergo the procedure, had better quality of life in all domains assessed by both the general SF-36 questionnaire and the WOMAC questionnaire.

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Publicado

2024-03-26