Effectiveness of resveratrol as a hepatoprotector in a rat model of paracetamol-induced liver injury
Palavras-chave:Resveratrol, Paracetamol, hepatoprotective activity, biodistribution, high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC)
Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of resveratrol as a hepatoprotector in a rat model of paracetamol-induced liver injury and its biodistribution to understand its pharmacokinetics. Methodology: As an experimental approach, animals were divided into the test group with 4 subgroups and the control group with 4 subgroups. Animals of the "treated" group were subjected to resveratrol pre-treatment for eight days, followed by intoxication with a high dose of paracetamol on the 8th day. Animals were euthanized to collect the blood and liver tissue samples 24 and 72 h after the last administration. Hepatoprotective activity was evaluated through serum levels of glycogen and hepatic enzymes, such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), histological and morphometric analysis of the liver tissue. For biodistribution analysis, different organs (organs, kidneys, heart and lungs) were collected and macerated, and resveratrol was quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography. Statistical analyses of morphometry, transaminases and alkaline phosphatase measurements, and biodistribution results were performed using GraphPad Prism® 3.0. Differences between groups were compared using ANOVA, followed by the Bonferroni test. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: Resveratrol has a hepatoprotective action against acute intoxication by paracetamol, as evidenced by the histological decrease in necrosis and inflammatory foci, preservation of glycogen and other 1,2-glycols in zone 3, and reduction of serum ALT and AST levels. An increased presence of collagen was observed in acinar zones 1 and 3 with picrosirius red staining; therefore, quantification was performed in these regions showing smaller collagen areas in the R and RP groups than in the PC and NC groups Paracetamol caused a significant reduction in the resveratrol concentration in serum and the organs studied, indicating that the antioxidant activity of resveratrol is related to its hepatoprotective action. Conclusion: Resveratrol has hepatoprotective properties and can mitigate some of the liver damage caused by high doses of paracetamol, as indicated by changes in tissue characteristics and liver enzyme levels.
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