SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TRADITIONAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION MECHANISM IN PRESENT SOCIAL SCENARIO: A CASE STUDY OF ETHIOPIAN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Sandeep Kumar Gupta, Serdar Vural UYGUN, Reznik N.P, Esra SIPAHI, Zakir Mohammed

Resumo


Traditional conflict resolution mechanisms can play a significant role in conflict management which has gained widespread acceptance among both the general public and the legal protection in recent years. Some courts now gain some parties to resort to traditional conflict resolution mechanisms. Before permitting the parties case to be tried expressly contemplate to called compulsory mediation, while the general objective of this study is to assess traditional conflict resolution mechanism and the specific objective include collecting the data. This study used interviews and personal observation; both qualitative and quantitative data have used. The finding of the study revealed that traditional conflict resolution mechanisms had gained widespread acceptance, because of its application and its benefits. TCRM is the most effective way of conflict resolution rather than constitutional litigation. Lastly, as a recommendation, TCRM should be encouraged because it has an economic and social benefit for the society and also others like political advantages. TCRM eliminates expenses among disputants from incurring prosecution cost, writing cost, transportation cost; it strengths the solidarity of the two disputants because both of them are winners in TCRM. To mean that they are not victims of expending much cost. Another aim of this study is to examine the conflicts in the world by using social network analysis method. In the study, the conflict data obtained from the GDELT data set between 1981-2020 were analyzed using the “igraph” package of the R software. As a result of the analysis, it was concluded that the two biggest actors in the conflicts in the world are the USA and Russia, respectively. From these results, it can be said that almost all of the conflicts in the world are related to these two countries. In the social network analysis for the discovery of the relationship between the conflicts in the world, in the criteria calculated to determine the position of Ethiopia, to explain its place among the countries and to make inferences about the whole network; The numerical data related to the centrality criteria of the Ethiopia network were found as Grade Center 1, Proximity Center (Normalized) 0.0217391 and Between Center 0.000000. Based on these data, it can be said that Ethiopia is not very connected (correlated) with other countries and is not an actor in the formation of conflicts in the world. Also, the results showed that the biggest actor in the cluster of 31 nodes is the USA. Again from this result, it is concluded that the biggest power in the world today is the USA.


Palavras-chave


Conflict Resolution; Legal Protection; Gada; Behavioral Action; Social Network Analysis Conflict

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12662/2359-618xregea.v9i2.p7-22.2020

Direitos autorais 2020 Revista Gestão em Análise

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